CHILD MEMORY LAB

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Wilfrid Laurier University

Publications & Awards

Books
Book Chapters
Journal Articles
Professional Publications
Recent Grants and Awards

Books

  • Roberts, K.P., & Blades, M. (Eds.) (2000). Children's source monitoring: Current trends and future directions. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Book Chapters

  • Brubacher, S.P., Bala, N.C., Roberts, K., & Price, H. (2016). Investigative Interviewing of Witnesses and Victims in Canada (pp245-255). In D. Walsh. G.E. Oxburgh, A. Redlich, & T. Myklebust, (Eds.). International Developments and Practices in Investigative Interviewing and Interrogation, Volume I. Routledge, UK.
  • Roberts, K.P., Drohan-Jennings, D., Brubacher, S.P. (2014). The developmental aspects of the young child in child maltreatment cases. In A. Giardino & R. Alexander (Eds.). Child maltreatment: A clinical guide and reference(4th Ed.) (Chapter 16). GW Medical Publishing, Inc. St. Louis, MO.
  • Roberts, K.P., Brubacher, S.P., Price, H.L., & Powell, M.B. (2011). Practice narratives (pp.129-145). In Lamb, M.E., La Rooy, D., Katz, C., & Malloy, L. Children’s testimony: A Handbook of psychological research and forensic practice. Wiley-Blackwell
  • Evans, A.D., & Roberts, K.P. (2009). Children in an information society: The relations between source monitoring, mental-state understanding and knowledge acquisition in young children (pp235-252). M. R. Kelley (Ed.) Applied Memory. Hauppage, NY: Nova Science Publishers
  • Roberts, K.P., & Evans, A.D. (2008). Protecting alleged victims of child abuse in adult-based judicial systems. In T. O’Neill & D. Zinga (Eds.). Children’s Rights: Theory, Policy, and Practice. (pp.195-215). University of Toronto Press: Toronto, Ontario.
  • Brady, A., Roberts, K.P., & Giardino, A. (2005). The developmental aspects of the young child in child maltreatment cases. In A. Giardino & R. Alexander (Eds.). Child maltreatment: A clinical guide and reference (3rd Ed.) (pp 343-366). GW Medical Publishing, Inc. St. Louis, MO.
  • Roberts, K.P. (2000). Children’s source monitoring: An introduction. In K.P. Roberts & M. Blades (Eds.). Children’s source monitoring (pp. 1-11). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
  • Roberts, K.P. (2000). An overview of theory and research on children’s source monitoring. In K.P. Roberts & M. Blades (Eds.), Children’s source monitoring. (pp. 11-57). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
  • Roberts, K.P. (2000). Children’s source monitoring: Conclusions? In K.P. Roberts & M. Blades (Eds.), Children’s source monitoring (pp. 317-336). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
  • Roberts, K.P., & Blades, M. (2000). Discriminating between memories of television and real-life. In K.P. Roberts & M. Blades (Eds.), Children’s source monitoring. (pp. 147-169). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
  • Roberts, K.P., & Blades, M. (1996). Children’s eyewitness testimony for real-life and fantasy events. In G.M. Stephenson & N.K. Clark (Eds.), Investigative and Forensic Decision-Making. Issues in Criminological Psychology Series. (pp. 52-57). Leicester, UK: British Psychological Society.
  • Roberts, K.P., & Blades, M. (1996). Children’s memories of events on TV and witnessed in real life. In H. Gray, N. Foreman, & N. Hayes (Eds.), Psychology in a Changing Europe (pp. 283-286). Moscow: Innostraniya Psichologiya [Foreign Psychology].

Journal Articles

  • Roberts, K.P., Evans, A. D., & Duncanson, S. (2016). Binding an event to its source at encoding improves children's source monitoring. Developmental Psychology.
  • Cameron, S.C,. & Roberts, K.P. (2015). Observations from Canadian practitioners about the investigation and prosecution of crimes involving child and adult witnesses. Journal of Forensic Psychology and Practice, 15, 33-57.
  • La Rooy, D.J., Brubacher, S.P., Aromäki-Stratos, A., Cyr, M., Hershkowitz, I., Korkman, J., Myklebust, T., Naka, M., Peixoto, C.E., Roberts, K.P., Stewart, H., & Lamb, M.E. (2015). The NICHD Protocol: A review of an internationally-used evidence-based tool for training child forensic interviewers. Journal of Criminological Research, Policy, & Practice, 1 (2), 76-89. dx.doi.org/10.1108/JCRPP-01-2015-0001[1]
  • Powell, M. B., Burrows, K. S., Brubacher, S. P., & Roberts, K. P. (in press). Prosecutors’ perceptions on questioning children about repeated abuse. Psychiatry, Psychology, & Law. Accepted Aug 4, 2015.
  • Brubacher, S.P., Powell M.B., & Roberts, K.P. (2014). Recommendations for Interviewing Children about Repeated Experiences. Psychology, Public Policy, & Law. 20, 325-335. [2],
  • Earhart, R. & Roberts, K.P. (2014) The Role of executive function in children's source monitoring with varying retrieval strategies. Frontiers in Psychology doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00405
  • Roberts, K.P., Brubacher, S.P., Drohan-Jennings, D., Glisic, U., Friedman, W., & Powell, M.B. (2015) Developmental Differences in the Ability to provide Temporal Information about Repeated Events Applied Cognitive Psychology, 29, 410-417.
  • Newman, J., & Roberts, K.P. (2014). Subjective and non-subjective information in children's allegations of abuse, Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology, 29, 75-80.
  • Brubacher, S.P., Malloy, L.C., Lamb, M.E., & Roberts, K.P. (2013). How do interviewers and children discuss individual occurrences of alleged repeated abuse in forensic interviews? Applied Cognitive Psychology, 27, 443-450.
  • Brubacher, S.P., Roberts, K.P., & Obhi, S. (2013). Gaze, goals and growing up: Effects on imitative grasping. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 31, 318-333.
  • Gosse, L. L., & Roberts, K.P. (2014). Eliciting temporal information in children’s memories using pictorial and verbal recall techniques. Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology, 29, 36-43.
  • Price, H., Roberts, K. P., & Collins, A. (2013). The quality of children’s allegations of abuse in investigative interviews containing practice narratives. Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, 1-6.
  • Brubacher, S.P., Roberts, K.P., & Powell, M.B. (2012). Retrieval of episodic versus generic information: Does the order of recall affect the amount and accuracy of details reported by children about repeated events? Developmental Psychology, 48, 111-122. DOI: 10.1037/a0025864.
  • Sharman, S.J., Powell, M.B. & Roberts, K.P. (2011). Children’s ability to estimate the frequency of single and repeated events. International Journal of Police Science and Management, 13, 234-242.
  • Feltis, B.B., Powell, M.B., & Roberts, K.P. (2011). The effect of event repetition on the production of story-grammar in children’s event narratives. Child Abuse & Neglect, 35(3), 180-187. DOI: 10.1016/j.chiabu2010.11.004
  • Schneider, L., Price, H.L., Roberts, K.P., & Hedrick, A. (2011). Children’s episodic and generic reports of alleged abuse. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 25, 862-870. Article first published online: 1 DEC 2010. DOI: 10.1002/acp.1759
  • Brubacher, S., *Glisic, U., Roberts, K.P., & Powell, M.B. (2011). Children’s ability to recall unique aspects of one occurrence of a repeated event. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 25, 351-358. * These authors contributed equally to this manuscript.
  • Brubacher, S., Roberts, K.P., & Powell, M.B. (2011). The Effects of practicing episodic versus scripted recall on children's subsequent narratives of a repeated event. Psychology, Public Policy, & Law, 17, 286-314.
  • Price, H. L. & Roberts, K. P. (2011). The effects of an intensive training and feedback program on police and social workers’ investigative interviews of children. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 43, 235-244.
  • Rischke, A., Roberts, K.P., & Price, H.L. (2011). Using spaced learning principles to translate knowledge into behavior: Evidence from investigative interviews of alleged child abuse victims. Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology, 26, 58-67. DOI: 10.1007/s11896-010-9073-8
  • Drohan-Jennings, D. Roberts, K.P., & Powell, M.B. (2010). Mental context reinstatement increases resistance to misleading suggestions. Psychiatry, Psychology, & Law, 17, 594-606.
  • Evans, A.D., Roberts, K.P., Price, H.L., & Stefek, C. (2010). The use of paraphrasing in investigative interviews. Child Abuse & Neglect, 34, 585-592. DOI: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2010.01.008
  • Roberts, K.P., & Lamb, M.E. (2010). Reality-monitoring characteristics in confirmed and doubtful allegations of abuse. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 24, 1049-1079. 1st published online 1 Sep 2009. DOI: 10.1002/acp.1600
  • Evans, A.E., & Roberts, K.P. (2009). Can paraphrasing increase the amount and accuracy of reports from child eyewitnesses?: A comparison of two techniques. Psychology, Crime, & Law, 6, 531-546. Available online 6 Aug 2009. DOI.
  • Price, H.L. & Roberts, K.P. (2007). A practical guide to interviewing child witnesses. Canadian Journal of Police and Security Services, 5, 152-160.
  • Powell, M.B., Roberts, K.P., & Guadagno, B. (2007). Particularisation of child abuse offences: Common problems when interviewing child witnesses. Current Issues in Criminal Justice, 19, 64-74.
  • Powell, M.B., Roberts, K.P., Thomson, D., & Ceci, S.J. (2007). The impact of experienced versus non-experienced suggestions on children’s recall of repeated events Applied Cognitive Psychology, 21, 649-668.
  • Roberts, K.P., & Powell, M.B. (2007). The roles of prior experience and the timing of misinformation on children’s event memories. Child Development, 78, 1137-1152.
  • Roberts, K.P., & Powell, M.B. (2006). The consistency of false suggestions moderates children’s reports of a single instance of a repeated event: Predicting increases and decreases in suggestibility. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 94, 68-89.
  • Roberts, K.P., & Powell, M.B. (2005). The relation between inhibitory control and eyewitness memory. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 19, 1003-1018.
  • Roberts, K.P., & Powell, M.B. (2005) Evidence of metacognitive awareness in children who have experienced a repeated event. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 19, 1019-1032. (SARMAC)
  • Roberts, K.P., Lamb, M.E., & Sternberg, K.J. (2004). The effects of rapport-building style on children’s reports of a staged event. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 18, 189-202.
  • Powell, M.B., & Roberts, K.P. (2002). The effect of repeated experience on children’s suggestibility across two question types. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 16, 367-386.
  • Roberts, K.P. (2002) Children's ability to distinguish between memories from multiple sources: Implications for the quality and accuracy of eyewitness statements. Developmental Review, 22, 403-435. Special issue: Developmental Forensics; Editors: Maggie Bruck and Debra A. Poole.
  • Roberts, K.P., & Powell, M.B. (2001). Describing individual incidents of sexual abuse: A review of research on the effects of multiple sources of information on children’s reports. Child Abuse & Neglect, 25, 1643-1659.
  • Powell, M.B., Roberts, K.P., & Thomson, D.M. (2000). The effect of a suggestive interview on children’s memory of a repeated event: Does it matter whether suggestions are linked to a particular incident? Psychiatry, Psychology, & Law, 7, 182-191.
  • Vrij, A., Edward, K., Roberts, K.P., & Bull, R. (2000). Detecting deceit via analyzing verbal and nonverbal behavior. Journal of Non-Verbal Behavior, 24, 239-263.
  • Powell, M.B., Roberts, K.P., Ceci, S.J., & Hembrooke, H.H. (1999). The effects of repeated experience on children’s suggestibility. Developmental Psychology, 35, 1462-77.
  • Roberts, K.P., & Blades, M. (1999). Children’s memory and source monitoring for real-life and televised events. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 20, 575-596.
  • Roberts, K.P., & Lamb, M.E. (1999) Children’s responses when interviewers distort details during investigative interviews. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 4, 23-31.
  • Roberts, K.P., Lamb, M.E., & Sternberg, K.J. (1999). Effects of the timing of postevent information on preschoolers’ memories of an event. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 13, 541-559.
  • Roberts, K.P., & Blades, M. (1998). The effects of interacting with events on children’s memory and source monitoring. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 12, 489-503.
  • Roberts, K.P. (1996). How research on source monitoring can inform cognitive interview techniques: Commentary on Memon and Stevenage (1996). Psycoloquy. 7 (44) witness-memory.15.roberts [peer-reviewed electronic journal]. (http://www.cogsci.ecs.soton.ac.uk/cgi/psyc/psummary?7.44)
  • Roberts, K.P., & Blades, M. (1995). Children’s discrimination of memories for actual and pretend actions in a hiding task. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 13, 321-334.
  • Roberts, K.P., & Blades, M. (1995). Do children confuse memories of TV programs and real life in their testimony? Forensic Update, 41, 18-22.

Professional Publications

  • Brubacher, S.P., Roberts, K.P., & Powell, M.B. (2009). Does type of memory practice matter when interviewing children about a single or repeated event? International Investigative Interviewing Research Bulletin, 2, 10-16.
  • Cameron, S., & Roberts, K.P. (April, 2004). What do forensic interviewers really think about current interviewing guidelines? Blue Line. Toronto Police Service.
  • Cameron, S., & Roberts, K.P. (June, 2002). Bridging the gap III: Blurring the truth - Suggestibility in children's interviews. Blue Line. Toronto Police Service.
  • Cameron, S., & Roberts, K.P. (April, 2002). Bridging the gap I: Using police-researcher collaboration to fight child abuse. Blue Line. Toronto Police Service.
  • Guide to Interviewing Children. Manual distributed to all OPP, RCMP, and regional police officers who interview children. 2009. © Kim Roberts
  • Roberts, K.P., & Cameron, S. (March, 2002). To tell the truth: Increasing the reliability of children's eyewitness testimony. PAO. Police Association of Ontario.
  • Roberts, K.P., & Cameron, S. (May, 2002). Bridging the gap II: Questioning the Questions. Blue Line. Toronto Police Service.
  • Roberts, K.P., & Cameron, S. (July, 2002). Bridging the gap IV: How to question children who have alleged multiple incidents of abuse. Blue Line. Toronto Police Service.

Recent Grants & Awards

Year
 Award
2012-2015
Australian Research Council Linkage Grant (CDN $328,389)
2012-2017
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council Discovery Grant (Principal Investigator, $105,000)
2012-2017
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council Insight Grant (Principal Investigator, $294,268)
2012
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council Public Outreach Grant (Principal Applicant, $34,295)
2006-2010
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (Principal Investigator, $136,725)
2006
Merit Award, Wilfrid Laurier University
2006-2011
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council Discovery Grant (Principal Investigator, $95,000)
2004
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council Discovery Grant (Principal Investigator, $11,021)
2003-2008
Premier's Research Excellence Award ($150,000)
2003
Grace Anderson Fellowship
2003
Merit Award, Wilfrid Laurier University
2002
Canadian Foundation for Innovation Equipment Grant (and the Ontario Innovation trust and Wilfrid Laurier University; with Dr. Anne Wilson, $132,940)
2002-2006
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council Discovery Grant (Principal Investigator, $80,000)
 2002
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council Equipment Grant (Principal Investigator, $9,533)
 2002-2003
Canadian Institutes of Health Research Seed Development Grant (Principal Investigator, $10,636)
 1999-2001
Australian Research Council (Partner Chief Investigator, AUS $87,000)
 1998-1999
Economic and Social Research Council, UK (Collaborator, £35,414) 
 1998
National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect (Cornell University, US)
 1996-2000
National Institutes of Child Health and Human Development, US (Fogarty Fellowship)